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Nicknames: The Last Frontier and The Land of the Midnight Sun.
Motto: North to the Future.
Sport: Dog Mushing.
State Song: http://www.50states.com/midi/0ak.mid
Lyrics to Alaska's state song -
Eight stars of gold on a field of blue -
Alaska's flag. May it mean to you
The blue of the sea, the evening sky,
The mountain lakes, and the flow'rs nearby;
The gold of the early sourdough's dreams,
The precious gold of the hills and streams;
The brilliant stars in the northern sky,
The "Bear" - the "Dipper" - and, shining high,
The great North Star with its steady light,
Over land and sea a beacon bright.
Alaska's flag - to Alaskans dear,
The simple flag of a last frontier.

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Vitus Jonassen Bering - Born:1681, Horsens, Denmark.Died:December 19, 1741, Bering Island. Explorer. Vitus Bering was an ambitious explorer. Born in Denmark, he enlisted in the Russian navy in 1703. For the rest of his life, he served Russia, returning only once to Denmark in 1715. On his first journey from Kamchatka, Bering reached the strait that is now named for him. However, he did not see the American coast. On his second expedition from Kamchatka in 1741, Bering captained a small wooden ship, the Saint Peter. On this journey, Bering did find the American coast, seeing Mount Saint Elias from the sea. On the return journey, Bering's ship was caught in terrible storms and wrecked on a deserted island. Bering and many other crew members died there of scurvy. The forty-six survivors built rough new boat out of the Saint Peter's timber and finally returned to Russia in 1742.

Aleksandr Andreyevich Baranov - Born: 1747, Kargopol, Russia.Died:April 16, 1819, Batavia, Java. Fur Trader. Aleksandr Baranov turned his fortunes around by moving to Alaska after his Russian business, located in Siberia, failed. in Alaska, Baranov established several profitable fur trading posts around Kodial Island. In 1799, he was named the manager of the Russian American Company. This powerful position helped him govern all Russian activities in North America. Baranov supported educational opportunities for Native Alaskans. He died while returning to Russia after spending twenty-eight years in Alaska.

Joe Juneau - Born: unknown, 1826.Died:1903, Dawson City, Canada. Prospecter. In 1880, Joe Juneau and Richard Harris were just two prospectors in Alaska. They were lucky enough to follow the right lead. Following the advice of Chief Kowee, a member of the Auk Tlingit tribe, they discovered a huge lode of gold. "We knew it was gold," wrote one of the men in their party, "but so much, and not in particles; streaks running through the rock and little lumps as large as peas or beans." Juneau and Harris set up camp there in Silver Bow Basin. Their simple camp became the cpital of the state. The town was first named Harrisburg and later rnamed Rockwell. Determined to memorialize his own name, Juneau spent the bulk of his fellow miners. His heavy spending worked and they boted to remane the town Juneau.

John Muir - Born: April 21, 1838, Dunbar, Scotland.Died: December 24, 1914, Los Angeles, CA. Naturalist. When John Muir was eleven, his family left Scotland and moved to Wisconsin. Even as a young man, he was enchanted by the forests and landscape of Wisconsin. As an adult, Muir shared his love of nature with a wide audience through his elegant writings and evergetic explorations. His journeys took him throught Canada, Cuba Panama, Siberia, China, India, Europe, Egupt, Japan, New Zealand, and Australia. But Alaska's wilderness held a very special place for Muir. Muir's Glacier carries his name today, but his true legacy is the national park system and the Sierra Club, an institution he helped found He wrote more than three hundred books and articles, including Stickeen: The story of a Dog (1909) and Travels in Alaska (1915).

Robert William Service - Born: January 16, 1874, Preston, England.Died: September 11, 1958, Lancieux, France. Poet. Two of the most famous poems about Alaska, "The Cremation of Sam McGrew," were written by Robert William Service. Raised in Scotland, Service moved to Canada in 1894. His experiences in the Yukon provided inspiration for his first collection of poems, Songs of a Sourdough (1907). Service's popular poetry captured the rugged spirit of the people who loved life in Alaska. As a poet, he was determined to speak to common people. "The only society I like," he said, "is that which is rough and tough -- and the tougher the better. That's where you get down to bedrouck and meet human people." His collections of poetry include Ballads of a Cheechako (1909) and Songs of the Far North (1958).

Jack London - Born: January 12, 1876, New York NY.Died: November 22, 1916, Santa Rosa, CA. Writer. John Griffith (Jack) London's bestselling novels capture the grit and determination of people who face life head-on. London went to the Yukon in 1897 in search of gold. Instead, he found inspiration for his first collection of Klondike tales, The Son of the Wolf (1900). Two of London's most famous novels focus on animals in the far north. The Call of the Wild (1903) tells the tale of Buck, a dog who travels from California to the Yukon. White Fang (1906) describes a savage wolf who becomes domesticated. In addition to his novels, London also wrote passionate political articles.

Ernest Gruening - Born: Febuary 6, 1886, New York, NY.Died: Januaary 26, 1974, Washington, D.C.. Politician. Because of his dedication to helping Alaska become one of the United States, Ernest Gruening is known as "the father of Alaska statehook." Although trained as a doctor at Harvatd Medical School, Gruening decided to become a journalist. He wrote articles and editorials for newspapers in Boston and New York. After serving with the Federal Artllery Corps during World War I, he returned to journalism. He became intrigued with another career: politics. Gruening spent several years with the U.S, delegation to Puerto Rico before joining the Alaska International Highway Commission in 1938. The next year, he was appointed governor of the Territory of Alaska, a post he held for fourteen years. In 1959, Gruening was the first US. Senator to re[resent the new state of Alaska. He served for ten years.

Elizabeth Peratrovich - Born: July 4, 1911, Petersburg.Died: December 1, 1958, Juneau. Civil Rights Activist. Elizabeth Peratrovich's commitment to fairness and justice contrivuted greatly to the passage of the first antidiscrimination law in the United States. Peratrovich experienced strong prejudice against her Tlingit heritage growing up in Alaska. In 1945, the Alaska senate was considering passing an antidiscrimination bill requiring equal treatment for all citizens applying for public housing. Using her position as Grand Camp President of the Alaska Native Sisterhook, Peratrovich gave a moving speech emphasizing the need for reform. The bill passed. Years later, the territory's governor, Ernest Gruening, said that without Peratrovich's vibrant speech, the measure would not have been accepted.

John Bell "Benny" Benson - Born: 1913, Chignik.Died: July 2, 1972, Kodiak. Flag Designer. John Bell "Benny" Benson's heritage was part Swedish and part Aleut. At the age of thirteen, Benny Benson desigbed the Alaskan state flag. His design, which depicts the big dipper and north star in gold against a blue field, was selected from entries by more than seven hundred Alaskan schoolchildren. At the time of the contest, Benson was living in an orphanage in Seward. To explain his design, he wrote, "The blue in the flag is for the state flower (Forget-me-not) and the Alaskan sky. The gold is for the natural wealth. The Big Dipper and North Star are symbolic for Alaska's position in relation to the heavens." Benson won $1,000 and a agold watch engraved with the new flag.

Tommy Moe - Born: February 17, 1970, Missoula, MT. Alpine Skier. Downhill skier Tommy Moe was the first man from the U.S. to win two Olympic alpine skiing medals in one year. At the 1994 Winter Olympics in Lillehammer, Norway, Moe captured th gold medal in downhill and the silver medal in the Super Giant Slalom. He won the second medal on his twenty-fourth birthday. As a teenager, Moe developed his impressive downhill skills at Glacier Creek Ski Academy in Girdwood, Alaska. Also an expert river guide, Moe is currently co-owner of Class B Whitewater, a rafting and kayaking bacatiopn service. Moe still skies frequently and shares his knowledge by teaching. He spends his summers in Jackson Hole, Wyoming, but returns to Girdwood for the winter season.

Jewel - Born:May 23, 1974, Payson UT. Singer and Poet. Jewel Kilcher's unique boice has captured listeners' ears and hearts around the world. Jewel's family moved to Alaska when she was young. Jewel's mother encouraged her to explore her creativity, with music and lyrics. By the time she was six, Jewel was performing songs with her parents. However, it was a memorale performance of "Over the Rainbow" in 1989 on Tom Bodett's popular public radio program that launched her public career. Jewel's first album, Pieces of You, was relased in 1995 and went platinum eleven times. Her follow-up CD, Spirit, sold even more copies.

Sarah Louise Heath Palin - Born:February 11, 1964 in Sandpoint, Idaho. Governor of Alaska. Sarah Palin graduated from Wasilla High School, Wasilla, Alaska in 1982. She attended Hawaii Pacific University in Honolulu and studied business administration in fall 1982. She attended North Idaho College in Coeur d'Alene and studied general studies major spring and fall of 1983. She attended he University of Idaho and studied journalism with an emphasis in broadcast news in fall of 1984 and spring of 1985. She attended Matanuska-Susitna College in Palmer, Alaska in fall of 1985. She attended the University of Idaho in the spring of 1986 through spring of 1987. B.S. in communications- journalism and graduated in the spring of 1987.Born to Charles 'Chuck' and Sarah 'Sally' Heath as the third of four children, at three months of age Sarah moved with her family to Alaska where Chuck worked as a teacher in Skagway; Sally was a school secretary. After living in Skagway and Eagle River, the Heaths settled in Wasilla (an hour north of Anchorage) where Sarah grew up and where Chuck became the school's cross-country running coach. Her parents have stated they are not political and don't know where she came by her interest in politics.Sarah's parents describe her as stubborn and hard-working even as a child. She was only two years old when her father says she became "hard to bend." Chuck admits, "We couldn't change her mind." Nonetheless, Sally took the children to Bible church and instilled a strong Christian faith in Sarah. That faith became more strongly rooted during her high school years as Sarah led the Fellowship of Christian Athletes. From her father, Sarah developed a love of hunting and shooting; she is a lifelong member of the National Rifle Association.A high school athlete, Sarah ran cross country but regarded basketball as "a life changing experience." As co-captain and point guard she led Wasilla to a state championship in 1982. Her aggression and fierceness earned the nickname "Sarah Barracuda."Coached by a family friend, Sarah entered the Miss Wasilla beauty pageant, winning the contest and the title of Miss Congeniality. She was a runner-up for the Miss Alaska title.Intending to become a sportscaster, she studied journalism and political science at the University of Idaho, graduating in 1987. In 1988, she married high school sweetheart Todd Palin.Sarah has worked as a TV sportcaster in Achorage and as a commercial fisherman, helping her husband with the family business.She first ran for public office in 1992 and won a spot on the Wasilla city council at age 28. In 1996, she became mayor of Wasilla, unseating a three-term incumbent. In 2002, she sought the Republican nomination for lieutenant governor and experienced her first political defeat. In 2003 she was appointed to the Alaska Oil and Gas Conservation Commission, but resigned, concerned over ethics violations. Running as an outsider on an ethics reform platform, she was elected governor in 2006.Sarah Palin is pro-life, pro-marriage, pro-gun and supports oil drilling both offshore and in ANWR. She has publicly questioned whether global warming is man-made.Her husband, Todd Palin, is an Alaska native whose grandmother was raised in a traditional Yup'ik Eskimo house. Employed for two decades in the oil industry, Todd is a production operator, a member of the United Steelworkers, a commercial fisherman, and a four-time winner of the Iron Dog snowmachine race (along the famous Iditarod Trail.) His wife has been known to call him "first dude."Sarah's political views are consistent with her conservative Christian beliefs. The mother of four when she became governor in 2006, in December 2007 she was pregnant with her fifth child when prenatal testing revealed Down syndrome.A member of Feminists for Life, Sarah did not consider abortion. She gave birth to Trig Paxson Van Palin on April 18, 2008; Trig is Norse and means "true" and "brave victory," and Paxson is a region in Alaska the couple favors. (Van Palin is a nod to the rock group Van Halen.)The other Palin children have equally unique names. Son Track (18) is in the Army and will deploy to Iraq. Daughters, Bristol (17), Willow (13) and Piper (7) are in public schools.The Anchorage Daily News has called Sarah Palin "the Joan of Arc of Alaska politics" and " one of the most popular local politicians in America." Anchorage radio host Dan Fagan says, "She's a hockey mom, she lives on a lake, she ice fishes, she snowmobiles, she hunts...she has a float plane," and in his opinion, "she's as Alaskan as you can get."





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http://library.state.ak.us/hist/goldrush/juneau.html
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http://library.state.ak.us/hist/goldrush/juneau.html


These are some historic photo's of Juneau.
The First picture is of an old hotel.
The second picture is a picture of the city.

Tourist Attractions:

Cruise
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www.google.com

Whale Watching
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www.google.com

Denali National Park
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www.alaskatravel.com

Kenai Fjords National Park
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www.alaskatravel.com

Glacier Bay National Park
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www.alaskatravel.com

Wrangell St. Elias National Park
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www.alaskatravel.com


Click these links to go to the other pages.

Learn more about State Symbols

Learn more about AK History

Learn more about AK Landforms and Waterforms

Learn more about AK Economy

Learn more about AK Culture