History of Alaska:

  • 33,000-21,00B.C--The ancestors of Alaska's Athabascan Indians cross the Bering Land bridge to Alaska.

  • 1741- Vitus Bering an Aleksei Chirikov land in Alaska.

  • 1793-Russian Alexandr Baranov runs the Russian-American Company form the New Archangel.

  • 1867-The United States buys Alaska for $7,200,000 in gold.

  • 1800-The gold rush begins in Alaska.

  • 1942-The military builds the Alaska Highway to supply troops during World War 2.

  • 1959-Alaska becomes a state.

  • 1968-Geologists find large oil reserves in Prudhoe Bay.

  • 1971-Under the Alaska Native Claims Settlement Act, Alaska Natives receive land and money from Congress.

  • 1977-The Trans-Alaska Pipeline is completed.

  • 1980-The U.S. government designates 104 million acres of land for the National Park system.

  • 1989-The Exxon Valdez spills 11 million gallons of crude oil in Prince William Sound.

  • 2001-The Millennium Agreement is signed.

Early History of Alaska:

  • The Aluet, Intuit[Eskimo],Tlingit-Hadia,and Athabascan were the fist people to inhabit Alaska.

  • Alaska's name comes from the Aluet word meaning"mainland."

  • The first Europeans arrived in Alaska in the year 1741 as a part of a Russian expedition led by the Danish navigator Vitus Bering.

  • The Russians established the first permanent Alaska settlement in 1784 on Kodiak Island.

  • Russia kept control over Alaska,despite penetrations by the Spanish, British, French, and American explorers and traders until 1876.

  • Although the Russian's discovered gold, copper, and coal, they were only interested in the furs.

  • A decline in fur profits and a threatened invasion by the British in Canada motivated Russia in the 1850's to consider selling the territory.

  • In 1867, United States secretary of state William H. Seward bought Alaska from Russia for 7.2 million dollars a bargain some called "Seward's Folly" and "Sewards Icebox."

Middle History of Alaska:

  • During World War II, the strategic importance of Alaska was belatedly recognized.

  • In June 1942, the Japanese occupied the islands of Attu and Kiska in the Alutians; it took U.S. forces 15 months to dislodge them.

  • To circumvent a threat to Alaskan sea lanes, the army built the Alaska Highway, connecting Alaska with British Columbia, in 1942.

  • The cold war with the USSR led to increased military construction in 1947 and the start of the radar stations of the DEW[Distant Early Warning] Line.

  • Between 1954 and 1959, the forest products industry, the first major year-round industry, expanded rapidly.

  • The discover of oil on the Kenai Peninsula in 1957 gave a boost to the economy.

  • Tourism soon developed into a major industry.

  • The discovery of vast oil deposits on the Alaska North Slope in 1968 resulted in construction of the Trans-Alaska Pipeline, extending some of 800 miles from Prudhoe Bay to the ice-free port of Valdez, where the first oil arrived in July 1977.

  • Oil revenues enabled the state to abolish its personal income tax and to distribute annal cash dividends to all state residents.

Alaska Today:

  • In 1980, Congress passed the Alaska Lands Bill, which excluded more than 104 million acres in the state from commercial development.

  • Many Alaskans opposed what they felt were unjustifiable federal attempts to limit exploitation of the state's resources, but calls for secession were rejected.

  • One of the worst environmental disasters in U.S. history occurred in March 1989, when an Exxon tanker ran aground in Prince William Sound, spilling more than 10 million gallons of oil.

  • The question of how to reconcile America's demand for fossil fuels with the need to protect Alaska's pristine wilderness remains a subject of intense debate, both within the state and nationally.

  • In addition to oil and natural gas mining, commercial fishing, lumbering and fur-trapping remain key sectors of Alaska's economy.

  • Tourism is a major industry and popular attractions include Denali National Park and the 1,049-mile Iditarod dog sled race.




I got this information with the help of the website www.history.com

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